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1152 What is the relation of Sayyida Umme Habiba (R.A) with the Holy Muhammad (S.A.W)?
Hazrate Umme Habiba (R.A) was from those fortunate women who was blessed in being the Holy Wife of the Best of Creation, Muhammed (S.A.W).

A brief biography of this personality is as follows:

Hazrate Sayyidah Umme Habiba (R.A), was the daughter of the Leader of Makkah, Hazrat Abu Sufyaan (R.A). Her mother's name was Hazrate Safiya bint Aas (R.A).

Hazrate Sayyidah Umme Habiba (R.A) was first married to Ubaidullah bin Jahsh. Both husband and wife made Hijrat (Migration) to Abyssinia (currently known as Ethiopia) after accepting Islam.

In Abyssinia, her husband later abandoned the religion and converted to Christianity, thereafter drinking himself to death as a Christian.

Hazrat Ibn Saad (R.A) narrates from Hazrate Sayyidah Umme Habiba (R.A) that once, she saw a dream while in Abyssinia, in which her husband, Ubaidullah bin Jahsh, was in a dreadful and ugly appearance. This upset her terribly, and when she awoke in the morning, found out that he had forsaken Islam.

She then related her dream to him with the hope of instilling fear. Nevertheless, Ubaidullah paid no heed to this and died a Murtad (a person who leaves Islam).

Beloved Prophet (S.AW) was saddened when He (S.A.W) heard her plight. For the contentment of her heart, He (S.A.W) sent Hazrat Amr bin Umaya Damiri (R.A) to Najaashi, the King of Abyssinia, with a letter instructing him (Najaashi) to act as the Prophet's (S.A.W) wakeel and perform His (S.A.W) Nikaah with Hazrate Sayyidah Umme Habiba (R.A).

The Nikaah ceremony was attended by Hazrat Jafar bin Abu Talib (R.A) and other Sahabah that were present in Abyssinia at the time. When it was over, the Sahabah started to leave.

The King stopped them and said, "Where are you people going? It is the practice of the Ambiya to feed people at the time of Nikaah." He then ordered food to be served, which all the Sahabah Ikraam (R.A) ate, and thereafter left. Najaashi then sent Hazrat e Umme Habiba (R.A) with Hazrat Sharjeel bin Hasna (R.A) to the Prophet (S.A.W) in Madina Shareef.

She has narrated 65 AHadith of which 2 have been narrated by both Imam Muslim (R.A) and Imam Bukhari (R.A). The remaining narrations have been recorded in the other books of Hadith. Among her famous students are, her brother, Hazrat Ameer Muaawiya (R.A), her daughter, Hazrate Sayyidah Habiba (R.A), and her nephew Hazrat Abu Sufyaan bin Saeed (R.A).

She passed away in 44 AH in Madina Shareef and is buried with the other Azwaaj e Mutaharaat (R.A) in Jannatul Baqi. (Zarqaani, Vol. 3, Pg. 242-5 & Madaarij, Vol. 2, Pg. 481-2).

(Answered by: Hafiz Mohammed Akhtar)
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